These are notes that I gathered for myself while setting up and installing a dual boot system on an old laptop that I repaired and resurrected. The laptop has a 1TB hard drive so it’s got plenty of space for fun stuff like this.

The first step is to install Windows. I won’t cover that here. I installed it on the first 100GB of the 1TB hard drive and then rebooted from the Arch Live Iso to start the arch installation to take up the rest of the drive. The installation will make the windows partition accessible from the Arch environment.

I don’t cover the audio tuning that happens after the setup here but will do that in a seperate post / note at some point.

If need someone to hold your hand while doing this (I did) then check out this video which I found helpful during the process, even though it isn’t 100% accurate I found.

Initial setup

loadkeys dk

connect to wifi

iwctl station wlan0 connect "<network-name>"

network time:

timedatectl set-ntp true

Use reflector to setup mirrors

pacman -S reflector
reflector -c Norway -a 5 --sort rate --save /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist
pacman -Syyy

Setup dual boot

Create partition on disk:

cfdisk /dev/nvme0n1

Choose free space Hit enter Write

Make filesystem

Find the linux partition:

lsblk
mkfs.ext4 /dev/nvmen0n5

Now mount it

mount /dev/nvmen0n5 /mnt

Mount windows boot partition

mkdir /mnt/boot
mount /dev/nvme0n1p1 /mnt/boot

Mount main windows fs

mkdir /mnt/windows
mount /dev/nvme0n1p3 /mnt/windows

Install base system

pacstrap /mnt base linux linux-firmware intel-ucode vim

Generate fstab

genfstab -U /mnt >> /mnt/etc/fstab

Check fstab

cat /mnt/etc/fstab

If it looks okay, its time to lave the iso:

arch-chroot /mnt

Swap

fallocate -l 10GB /swapfile
chmod 600 /swapfile
mkswap /swapfile
swapon /swapfile
vim /etc/fstab

Add:

/swapfile none swap defaults 0 0

Timezone

ln -sf /usr/share/zoneinfo/Europe/Oslo /etc/localtime
hwclock --systohc

Locale

vim /etc/locale.gen

uncomment da_DK.UTF-8 UTF-8

then run

locale-gen
echo "LANG=da_DK.UTF-8" >> /etc/locale.conf

Keymap

echo "KEYMAP=dk" >> /etc/vconsole.conf
loadkeys dk

Hostname

vim /etc/hostname

add “lysendebjerg”

Then open

vim /etc/hosts

And add

127.0.0.1 localhost
::1 localhost
127.0.1.1 lysendebjerg.localdomain lysendebjerg

Root password

passwd

Base packages

pacman -S sudo grub efibootmgr base-devel linux-headers git networkmanager network-manager-applet wireless_tools wpa_supplicant dialog git bluez bluez-utils pulseaudio-bluetooth cups openssh jack

if dual boot with windows:

pacman -S os-prober ntfs-3g mtools dosfstools

Grub

grub-install --target=x86_64-efi --efi-directory=/boot --bootloader-id=GRUB

Allow os-prober (for dual boot only):

vim /etc/default/grub

Add

GRUB_DISABLE_OS_PROBER=false

Create config:

grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg

Enable services

systemctl enable sshd
systemctl enable NetworkManager
systemctl enable bluetooth

New user

useradd -mG wheel mads
passwd mads

sudo

EDITOR=vim visudo

uncomment %wheel ALL=(ALL) ALL

Enable color pacman

sudo vim /etc/pacman.conf

uncomment Color

Change shell to zsh

sudo pacman -S zsh
chsh /bin/zsh

Install AUR helper (paru)

sudo pacman -S --needed base-devel
git clone https://aur.archlinux.org/paru.git
cd paru
makepkg -si

Install desktop environment and basic necessities

I use bspwm at the moment because it’s extremely minimalistic and very very nice. This will install pretty much everything I need in a full desktop environment including terminals, browser, file managers statusbar and other tidbits.

paru -S  xorg-server xorg-twm xorg-xprop xorg-xkill xorg-xinit xautolock rofi sxhkd bspwm bsp-layout alacritty kitty blueman neovim-git htop neomutt tmux ncdu namcap picom polybar polkit-gnome xfce4-power-manager tuned vlc topgrade timew task taskwarrior-tui-git scrot ripgrep skim fzf redshift ranger thunar telegram-desktop the_silver_searcher starship-bin sudo pass firefox downgrade bashmount arandr mbsync-git mons exa bat

Install development stuff

paru -S platformio teensyduino lazygit kicad gdb gcc cmake cppcheck openscad rust

Install audio stuff

paru -S reaper-bin sws supercollider sc3-plugins jack2 mpv sox qjackctl pulseaudio-bluetooth pulseaudio-jack pulseaudio njconnect flac cadence alsa-firmware alsa-plugins alsa-utils realtimeconfigquickscan-git

Install dotfiles

First setup ssh keys to github account: https://docs.github.com/en/github/authenticating-to-github/connecting-to-github-with-ssh/adding-a-new-ssh-key-to-your-github-account

ssh-keygen -t ed25519 -C "mail@madskjeldgaard.dk"
eval "$(ssh-agent -s)"
ssh-add ~/.ssh/id_ed25519

Then get the new key:

cat ~/.ssh/id_ed25519.pub

and paste it into github account

git clone git@github.com:madskjeldgaard/dotfiles.git && cd dotfiles && ./install

Install neovim plugins

nvim -c "PlugInstall" --headless